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NIST Goes the Distance for the Olympics

NIST technician Christopher Blackburn uses a microscope to precisely align a retroreflector over the center of a hash mark on a measuring tape. Photo credit: Bruce Borchardt

In yet another Olympian feat of measurement, researchers at Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recently calibrated a tape that will be used to measure out the distance of this summer's Olympic marathon—a distance of 26 miles 385 yards—to 1 part in 1,000.

Measurement is a vital aspect of the Olympic Games. Officials measure the height of jumps, the speed of races, and the mass of weights to determine who wins a medal and who goes home. The marathon is no different. Because of the difficulties in measuring out the distance, the International Association of Athletic Federations (IAAF) only recognized best times and didn't begin awarding world records for marathons until 2004 when a method using a device called a Jones Counter was officially recognized as sufficiently accurate.

Developed by a father-son duo in the early 1970s, the Jones Counter is a simple geared device that counts the revolutions of a bicycle wheel. To calibrate the device, course measurers lay out a calibrated measuring tape at least 30 meters in length. Once they have determined the number of revolutions that equal that distance—and a couple of successively longer distances—they follow painstaking procedures for laying out the rest of the course. The measurements, which can take hours to complete, will ensure that the shortest distance a runner will run will be at least the required distance and no more than about 40 meters over, corresponding to an error of about one part in 1,000.  Full story

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NIST Goes the Distance for the Olympics

I think somebody missed the point here.

The distance of 26 miles 385 yards attributed to the marathon has two components:

The distance that Pheidippides ran from Marathon to Athens to report the outcome of the battle. Somewhere around 25 miles (has this been remeasured?), this was modified to accommodate the 1908 start at Windsor Castle underneath the Royal Nursery window.
The distance inside the White City Stadium to the finish line in front of the Royal Box. That was 385 yards, in 1908 money.

If you want to update this then you have to take the Marathon-Athens distance, modify it to reflect the extra distance from Windsor Castle to the new Stadium in East London, and add the distance inside the new stadium to the Royal Box. That may not be 385 yards, indeed it may be measured in meters these days.

Google maps sends you down the M4, the A4, Victoria Embankment then up the Mile End Road. The modern distance is about 32.4 miles.

The current measurement enterprise would seem to lack the original charm.